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The PezCyclingNews ToolBox contains over 600 original & evidence-based articles about cycling training, science & fitness techniques for mind & body, specifically for the competitive cyclist. Our select group of cycling coaches, sports psychologists, nutrition & fit experts, present the latest in cycling training advice to help you be your best.

Led by Dr. Stephen Cheung, Brock University’s Canada Research Chair and well known cycling scientist, our team includes cycling speed and endurance pioneer John Howard, cycling Registered Holistic Nutritionist Anne Guzman, certified USA Level 1 coaches Bruce Hendler, Matt McNamara, & Josh Horowitz, sports medicine doctor Victor Lun, and more.



  • Tuesday August 19, 2014

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    There are many reasons to go for a bike fit, from an unusual body shape, fixing aches and pains, through to optimizing power output. Regardless of what technology is used or reason for going, a good bike fit by a fitter with a sharp eye and a collaborative approach can be one of the best investments you make in your cycling. Let’s explore with a data-driven case study.

  • Tuesday August 12, 2014

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    As the trend towards eating more real foods on the bike grows, I hear more and more questions about eating raw nuts, bars made with bacon and cheese or nut butters while racing or training. Let’s look to clarify why the average bike racer (not extreme ultra endurance events lasting over 15 hours) should not rely on fats as fuel during and immediately prior to competition.

  • Tuesday August 5, 2014

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    As August kicks off the bike racing world makes a final push toward the end of the season. Summer vacations are wrapping up, kids are getting ready to go back to school, and the dog days of August are upon us. But the racing carries on, with a number of big races to round out the season. What secret weapon can help get the most out of our fitness coming up?

  • Tuesday July 29, 2014

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    There is a growing world-wide calendar of endurance rides called Randeonneurs or brevets, and New England drivers can thank campaigning distance cyclists for their efforts in getting roads paved in the 1890s. The roots of American ultra cycling probably started with Thomas Steven’s 1887 American crossing on a high wheeler, a feat that still amazes me.

  • Tuesday July 22, 2014

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    This year’s Tour de France will record a DNF next to major players such as Cavendish, Froome, and Contador. While injuries and crashes are a part of the sport, facing the choice to ‘abandon’ mid race or mid stage can be demoralizing. Without proper support this decision can haunt an athlete, undermining self-confidence and ultimately hurt performance.

  • Tuesday July 15, 2014

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    The Tour is won by the best cyclist, and that includes on and off the bike. Eating well and properly is not only good for the morale, but it’s critical in ensuring adequate recovery for another day of hard effort. What do elite cyclists do in terms of eating and energy output over the course of a hard stage race?

  • Tuesday July 8, 2014

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    Sprinters are a special breed, whether they’re track sprinters like Chris Hoy or road sprinters like Cavendish and Kittel. Some feel that they’re born sprinters or not, and there is a bit of truth to that. However, sprinting is also important to train no matter what your natural racing style, because the truth is that most races end up in small or large groups dashing for the line. What are some ways to improve your sprint to increase your odds of podium placings?

  • Tuesday July 1, 2014

    Ster ZLM Tour 2013 stage - 4

    Artery narrowing is very uncommon in other-wise healthy young people. However, male cyclists were probably the first competitive athletes to be identified to have narrowing of external iliac artery, which is know as external iliac artery endofibrosis (EIAE), as a cause of leg weakness.

  • Tuesday June 24, 2014

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    “Analytics” is the buzzword in many sports today, involved new ways of analyzing player effectiveness and team performance in dynamic team sports like baseball, football, and hockey. Being wattages and power analysis, can we use analytics in cycling and especially in sprinting?

  • Tuesday June 10, 2014

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    In modern stage racing, time trialing has become the key to success, but how to unlock that optimal time trial remains a mix of science and feel. One of the key ingredients is an optimal pacing strategy to expend our finite energy. Is it fastest to stick to an even effort throughout? Or what are the pros and cons of power output and speed variations?

  • Tuesday June 3, 2014

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    How many times have you been exhausted in a race only to see your partner or teammate on the side line screaming and cheering for you; or even a wall of strangers on a climb screaming and motivating you along? Didn’t it give you that EXTRA something? Sometimes that extra something is all you need to bridge the gap, make the break or cross the line first. Can a hit of sugar be that motivator?

  • Tuesday May 27, 2014

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    Whether you are preparing for your first metric century, a favorite criterium, a long stage race, or whatever it is, the tendency to “push, push, push” can, overwhelm common sense and lead your summer plans astray. Let’s look at how we can manage our fitness and preparation during this pivotal time of year.

  • Tuesday May 20, 2014

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    The word “safety” when applied to the word “cycling” is a combination that draws a mix of general disdain from most serious cyclists. Boredom, and outright unconcern can be the typical responses. However, crashes are the dark side of cycling, and it's our duty to decrease the odds of it happening for ourselves and our families.

  • Tuesday May 13, 2014

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    Bike racing is an interesting sport, unique from the perspective that a team is established to help set up an individual to win. Every person has a specific role designed to help the leader win. Certainly the team and sponsors receive accolades, but the focus is typically on an individual, which can create issues when multiple riders have personal ambitions.

  • Tuesday May 6, 2014

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    Preparation is important in any sport but especially in cycling. With so many uncontrollable variables in this sport, anything you can do to control what can be controlled will improve your chance at success, however you may define it. Let's look at a key part of good preparation today that could completely transform your perfromance - good mental preparation.

  • Tuesday April 29, 2014

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    Ahhhhh - it’s spring-time once again. Especially for those living in northern climates, the weather is warming up, the snow is off the roads and it’s time to enjoy riding outside. But it’s also time for local flora to come out of their winter hibernation and re-activate seasonal allergies - here's some help.

  • Tuesday April 22, 2014

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    Training Advice: Dr Stephen Cheung's recent article on “cramming training load” sure seems to have struck a chord with Pez readers. This week we will follow up on some of the questions we’ve received following the article, along with expanding on the whole idea of block training.

  • Tuesday April 15, 2014

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    Confidence is the single most important mental factor in cycling. I define it as how strongly you believe in your ability to achieve your cycling goals. Confidence is so important because you may have the fitness to ride well, but if you don’t believe in that fitness, then you won’t ride up to your capabilities.

  • Tuesday April 8, 2014

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    It’s a no-brainer that hard efforts and intervals are the key to improving cycling fitness and performance. However, what is the best way to plan harder efforts and space them out between endurance training? Is it a good idea to cram them into a hard block or is it better to spread them evenly?

  • Tuesday April 1, 2014

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    As an athlete, your race season is ramping up. Your focus is on performance. Any weight loss you really needed to chip away at should have been achieved by now. It’s the time to keep building, to recover and get stronger, all of which require proper nourishment and carbohydrate intake.