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SEARCH TAG / TERM: science

  • Tuesday November 3, 2015

    Donoratico - Italy - wielrennen - cycling - radsport - cyclisme - peloton in the snow - illustration  pictured during GP Costa degli Etruschi 2012   - foto Cor Vos ©2012

    The best ways to regulate your body temperature, ride in more comfort, minimize the risk of injuries, and improve cycling performance during your outdoor riding this winter.

  • Tuesday October 13, 2015

    Michael Rasmussen,

    The societal pressure to be thin & beautiful can be an obsession to minimize body fat at all costs. Just how important is it for cyclists to be so lean, and what tests we can use to measure body fatness?

  • Tuesday October 6, 2015

    Giro Il Lombardia 2015

    As with all competitive sports, there is also a risk for injury in competitive bicycling. The patterns of injury in bicycling are unique since exposures include high speed, obstacles like cyclists, pedestrians and motor vehicles, and unpredictable road, environmental and weather conditions.

  • Tuesday September 15, 2015

    Cumbre del Sol Benitachell  - Spain - wielrennen - cycling - radsport - cyclisme - Tom Dumoulin (Team Giant - Alpecin) - Christopher Froome (Team Sky) - Joaquin Rodriguez Oliver (Team Katusha)    pictured during La Vuelta 2015 Stage 9 from  Torrevieja to Cumbre del Sol Benitachell - photo Sabine Jacob/Cor Vos © 2015

    “My Legs Hurt!” What are your thoughts really telling you and how can you turn it around to your benefit? Explore the psychological factors which can influence endurance performance and discover simple strategies to strengthen your mind and gain an advantage over your competitors.

  • Tuesday September 8, 2015

    05 Jan 2015, Spain --- Cycling: Team Etixx - Quick-Step 2015 CAVENDISH Mark (GBR)/ KWIATKOWSKI Michal (POL)/ TRENTIN Matteo (ITA)/ STYBAR Zdenek (CZE)/ MARTIN Tony (GER)/ TERPSTRA Niki (NED)/ BOONEN Tom (BEL)/ Latexco Shooting / Training Camp Entrainement / Equipe Ploeg /(c)Tim De Waele --- Image by © Tim de Waele/Corbis

    Road racers rejoice! The season is coming to a well earned finale for most of the World and it’s time for a tasty beverage, a big couch, and a slice or two of pizza! Or is it? Should you take a break or keep your foot on the gas? Let’s weigh the arguments...

  • Tuesday September 1, 2015


    We are a week into La Vuelta and an upcoming major appointment is the 39 km TT on September 9. While the non-contenders will generally be treating it as a semi-rest day and take it as easily as it is ever possible in pro cycling, the GC battle will be massive here. But are there fundamental differences in pacing strategy between elite riders and lower category riders?

  • Tuesday August 18, 2015

    Tour de France  2012 stage - 16

    It’s been a record summer of heat in much of the Northern Hemisphere, and the traditionally muy caldo Vuelta d’Espana is just about to start. What happens with heat acclimatization, and can it improve performance in either the heat or in cooler conditions?

  • Tuesday August 4, 2015

    TDFR 2014 - stage -21

    As with all competitive sports, there is also a risk for injury in competitive bicycling. The patterns of injury in bicycling are unique since exposures include high speed, obstacles like cyclists, pedestrians and motor vehicles, and unpredictable road, environmental and weather conditions.

  • Tuesday July 28, 2015


    Find out more about lactate and how this incredible molecule plays many important roles in the body. Discover how you can use lactate as a preferential fuel source, how lactate may actually reduce acidity in tissues and even act as a ‘signalling hormone’ to drive training adaptations.

  • Tuesday June 2, 2015


    We have often discussed the value and importance of High Intensity Intervals (HIT) here at Pez. There is a reason, of course, they are a central component of racing success, yet questions remain, so let’s dive into the lactic acid pool once again!

  • Tuesday May 26, 2015


    Since the mid-1990s, the public message has been overwhelmingly prevalent and clear – hydration is important and critical to health and performance. Our own Toolbox Editor Dr. Stephen Cheung tested this assumption head-on in a unique way with a study that received a lot of media attention. What did he find?

  • Tuesday May 12, 2015

    Tour de France 2004 Medische keuring 2

    You lean forward, driving down on to the pedals, legs exploding, chest burning, mouth wide open, sucking as much air as possible into your hungry lungs. That process of laboured breathing and ventilation is a primal force. Can we train our respiratory muscles to decrease the stress of breathing or even ride faster?

  • Tuesday May 5, 2015


    Every cyclist loves to eat, and half of the fun of cycling is in having a built-in excuse to eat in large quantities. What we put into our bodies before and during our rides, however, can have a direct impact on our fatigue resistance. Let’s refresh our memories with a primer on fuel utilization during exercise and the importance of carbohydrates.

  • Tuesday April 28, 2015


    The heart is a muscle, and can be trained just like any other muscle in your body. Cardiovascular mechanisms and the inability to supply blood and nutrients to the different tissues in the body remain at the “heart” of many of the proposed models of fatigue, so this seems a good place to start our exploration…

  • Tuesday April 21, 2015


    Often at the end of a Grand Tour, we see a GC contender or leader yank a rabbit out of the hat and pull off a time trial result way beyond anything they had previously accomplished. We hear all the time that the maglia rosa/maillot jaune gives its wearer wings, but how do external rewards affect time trial performance in the lab?

  • Thursday April 16, 2015


    Cycling, while generally pleasurable, is ultimately all about pain and suffering at the sharp end of competition. Fatigue and exhaustion is something we have all felt at some time or other. However, why do we actually get tired on the bike and what constitutes fatigue?

  • Tuesday April 7, 2015

    Hel van het Mergelland

    Fasted and ‘controlled carbohydrate’ training is getting increasing amounts of attention. There are suggestions that these protocols could even ‘remodel’ muscle in favour of using fat as a fuel. PEZ explores what the scientific evidence says, how pro cycling teams are using these approaches and what we could learn to enhance our performance in practise.

  • Tuesday March 24, 2015


    Watching the final crush of Milan San Remo is to view the crescendo of many hours of impressive metabolism. 1000 kilojoule/hour are common place in the racing peloton, and most surely the last hour of M-S-R is way above that value. Those guys are lean and mean. Are You? Look, I’m not saying…

  • Tuesday March 17, 2015


    A popular food among cyclists and athletes, oatmeal is likely to be found in most cupboards and hotel rooms across the racing scene this season. A great choice for carbohydrates and one of the more economical quality carbohydrate choices available, and with so many practical uses in the kitchen!

  • Tuesday March 3, 2015

    Kuurne - Brussel - Kuurne 2015

    If cycling is a sport of suffering, most of the time that suffering comes down to our muscles feeling like anchors on a climb or exploding in agony in a sprint. But fatigue, like love, is a many-splendored thing. Does the type and location of fatigue occur at different parts of our nerves and muscles depending on the type of exercise that we do?

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